Agriculture and Forestry CSS Paper 2019

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION 2019
FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BS 17
UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS
PART I (MCQS): MAXIMUM 30 MINUTES
PART I (MCQS) MAXIMUM MARKS = 20
PART II MAXIMUM MARKS = 80

NOTE: (i) Part II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.

(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART II by selecting TWO questions from EACH SECTION. ALL questions carry EQUAL marks.

(iii) All the parts (if any) of each Question must be attempted at one place instead of at different places.

(iv) Write Q. No. in the Answer Book in accordance with Q. No. in the Q. Paper.

(v) No Page / Space be left blank between the answers. All the blank pages of Answer Book must be crossed.

(vi) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the question will not be considered.

Part II

Section I

Q. No. 2. What is role of natural resources (soil, water and solar energy) in crop production? Discuss innovative and technologically advanced approaches that could be used to improve efficiency of these resources. (20)

Q. No. 3. Why is it considered necessary to keep pest population down for a good crop production? Discuss integrated management and control practices for agricultural pests and diseases taking account of effectiveness, economic and environmental acceptability of these practices. (20)

Q. No. 4. What are the main issues of livestock, fisheries and cottage industries in Pakistan? Discuss options for improvement of these industries in the country taking account of market risks and government policies. (20)

Q. No. 5. Agricultural biotechnology is considered a short gun approach to improve the productivity of traditional agriculture systems. What is the scope of this technology in Pakistan. Discuss the possible benefits and risks related to embracing different types of technology. (20)

Section II

Q. No. 6. What combinations of forestry, agroforestry, grass cover, water collecting systems and storage facilities, drought resistant crops and water saving technologies are needed in dryland areas of Pakistan in order to increase food production and to what extent they can be cost effective. (20)

Q. No. 7. in view of the present status of forests in Pakistan, what are the most practical and economical methods of wood utilization in general and wood-based industry in particular? (20)

Q.No. 8. Why is rangeland so important for agricultural economy of Pakistan? Explain the need, ways and means for integrated management of grazing lands, crop and livestock production in Pakistan. (20)

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