Islamic History and Culture CSS Paper I 1993

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION

COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS

IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 1993

ISLAMIC HISTORY AND CULTURE, PAPER – I

Time Allowed: 3 Hours Maximum Marks: 100

NOTE: Attempt Five questions in all including question No 1, which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry equal marks.

1 Read the following statements carefully and write down the correct answers in your answer-book

(i) Ibn Battuta visited India during the reign of Jahangir/Muhammud Tughlug/Alaud-Din Khilji/did not visit India at all.

(ii) Tigris is a river in Greece/Spain/lraq/North Africa

(iii) Al-ldrisi was a philosopher/muhaddith/physician/ geographer

(iv) Tughril Beg was the first Seljuqid/lkhanid/Ottoman/ Mamluk ruler,

(v) lbn Sina’s Al-Qanun deals with philosophy/law/medicine/astronomy.

(vi) Arrange chronologically the following events in the life of the Prophet (SAW): the expedition of Tabuk, Bayat AlI-Ridwan Conquest of Makkah, conquest of Khyber.

(vi) Baghdad was founded by Hazrat Umar/al-Mamun/al-Saffah/Abu Ja’far al-Mansur.

(vii) Jami “al-Umawi was built by Hazrat Muawiyah/Abd al-Malik bin Marwan/Umar bin Abd Al-Aziz/Walid bin Abd al-Malik.

(ix) Arrange chronologically: Al-Ghazali, Abd al-Qadir al- Jilani, Imad al Din Zangi, Nasir al-Din Tusi.

(x) The Battle of Hallin (Hillin) was fought between Hazrat Ali and Hazrat Muawiyah/Harun al-Rashid and the Byzantines/Abd al- Rahman and Charles Martel/Salah’al-Din Ayyubi and the Crusaders.

2 Give a brief but meaningtul sketch of the socio-political conditions prevailing in the Byzantine and the Sasanian empires on the advent of Islam. Bring out the significance of Islam as a new and revolutionary order in the context of these conditions.

3 Discuss the Islamic attitude to Science in the light of the Quran.

4 Write a note on the military policy of Hazrat Umar al-Faruq and his dispensation of the conquered lands.

5 Write a lucid note on the Muslim response to the onslaught of Greek philosophy and thought in the early history of Islam.

6 Write a brief notes on any two of the following: (i) Nur al-Din Mahmud (ii) Nizam al-Mulk iv) Abu Muslim al-Khurasani (iii) Al-Biruni (iv) Abu Muslim al-Khurasani

7 Discuss the progress of philosophy daring the Abbasid Caliphate with special reference to at least three most eminent philosophers of the period.

8 Attempt an intelligent analysis of the causes of the decline of Ottoman power, and how this great empire degenerated into the position of the sick man of Europe.

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