Journalism CSS Paper I 1989

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION-1989
FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BS-17
UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

Time Allowed: 3 Hrs. Max. Marks: 100
Note: Answer any FIVE questions. All questions carry equal marks.
1. How is the two-step flow of information working in the social environment of Pakistan and, how is the expansion of the mass media affecting the position of the rural elites?
2. Describe briefly the various functions of mass media and how are these being performed by our media?

  1. Discuss why the “Decade of Reforms” turned out to be the biggest counter-productive media project of Ayub era.

  2. “With the coming of the Information age, Third World countries have become the object of what may be referred to as ‘cultural imperialism’ by developed countries and multinationals who now control the international communication and information order.” Discuss.

  3. Describe the factors which led to the evolution of a distinct Muslim press in South Asia before 1947.

  4. What steps have been taken since 1985 to promote the freedom of press in Pakistan?

  5. Describe the existing newspaper chains in Pakistan. What changes you foresee in the next decade or so?

  6. Identify major problems of mass media, both electronic and print media, in Pakistan. What measures would you suggest to overcome these?

  7. Describe briefly the role of mass media in national development.

  8. How would you assess the performance of media managers-both official and private-on such occasions as the Ojhri Camp disaster, bomb blasts in Saddar area of Karachi, or the Sindh ethnic riots, and what improvements would you suggest?

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