European History CSS Paper I 2008

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17 UNDER
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2008
EUROPEAN HISTORY PAPER I
TIME ALLOWED:
(PART-I) 30 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS:20
(PART-II) 2 Hours & 30 Minutes MAXIMUM MARKS:80

NOTE:
(i) First attempt Part-I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 Minutes.
(ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit.

PART —I (MCQ) (COMPULSORY)
Select the best option /answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)

(i) Even before the Revolution, the French had used a woman in a toga to symbolize _____:
(a) Equality (b) Enlightenment (c) Liberty (d) None of these

(ii) Instead of a democracy the _____ established a war dictatorship (the Reign of Terror) operating through the Committee of Public Safety, the Committee of General Security, and numerous agencies such as the Revolution, Tribunal:
(a) Convention (b) National Assembly (c) Legislative Assembly (d) None of these

(iii) Napoleon Bonaparte ruled France until the Restoration of the Bourbons in ____:
(a) 1813 (b) 1814 (c) 1815 (d) None of these

(iv) The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars tore down the ancient structure of Europe, hastened the advent of ____, and inaugurated the era of modem total warfare:
(a) Nationalism (b) Democracy (c) Socialism (d) None of these

(v) Although dated March 1, the Treaty of Chaumont was not actually signed until March ____:
(a) 8 (b) 9 (c) 10 (d) None of these

(vi) The arrangements at the Congress of Vienna made the ____ Great Powers:
(a) Four (b) Five (c) Six (d) None of these

(vii) The ____ and industrial revolution caught up the people of the globe in a common destiny:
(a) Cultural (b) Scientific (c) Political (d) None of these

(viii) Metternich was the _____ statesman:
(a) Austrian (b) German (c) Hungarian (d) None of these

(ix) The ___ became as symbol of the reaction dominated by Metternich:
(a) Holy Alliance (b) Quadruple Alliance (c) Quintuple Alliance (d) None of these

(x) The Greeks had been under Ottoman rule since the mid _____ :
(a) 1300 s (b) 1500 s (c) 1600 s (d) None of these

(xi) Civil war among the Greeks was stayed by the influence of European govemments other than ____ :
(a) Austria (b) Germany (c) France (di None of these

(xii) Full scale Pan Slavism began much like Pan Germanism, both of which grew from the sense of unity and Nationalism experience within ethnic grows under the domination of _____:
(a) England (b) France (c) Russia (d) None of these

(xiii) _____ is the form of nationalism in which the state derives its political legitimacy as an organic consequence of the unity of those it governs:
(a) Romantic nationalism (b) Social nationalism (c) Fundamental nationalism (d) None of these

(xiv) Napoleon III overthrew the Republic in _____ :
(a) 1850 (b) 1852 (c) 1853 (d) None of these

(xv) In Greek mythology the _____ or Kaukasos was one of the pillars supporting the world:
(a) Caucasus (b) Pamirs (c) Himalayas (d) None of these

(xvi) The last name of Ismail Gaspirale (Gasprinsky) comes from the town of ____ in Crimea:
(a) Gaspirale (b) Gaspra (c) Gasprale (d) None of the.

(xvii) _____ regarded Europe as extending all the way to the Eastern Ocean:
(a) Plato (b) Socrates (c) Heroddtus (d) None of these

(xviii) The British Empire at its height had out posts on five continents and an enormous _____ to safeguard the vital trade routes:
(a) Navy (b) Army (c) Air Force (d) None of these

(xix) The young Turks seized power in Constantinople in _______ :
(a) 1906 (b) 1907 (c) 1908 (d) None of these

(xx) The humiliation of Serbia was recorded in the declaration that she was forced to send to _____ in March 31, 1909:
(a) London (b) Vienna (c) Paris (d) None of these

PART — II

Note: (i) PART – II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART II. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.

Q.2. Give a study of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen on the basis of a universal principle based on reason. (20)

Q.3. Discuss the events that led to the fall of Napoleon. (20)

Q.4. Write on the subject of Democracy in the context of Europe (1815 to 1848). (20)

Q.5. How did Napoleon III help pioneer the modem techniques of politics? (20)

Q.6. Critically examine the role of Bismark as architect of German Unity. (20)

Q.7. How did naval rivalry serve to aggravate internationall tension and heighten mutual suspicions in Europe in the years before 1914? (20)

Q.8. Write on any TWO of the followings: (10+10)
(a) Revolution in France in 1848 (b) How were the Greek uprisings that began in 1820 glorified in Europe? (c) Cavour (d) Suez Canal

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