Forestry CSS Paper 1998

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION
FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN B.P.S. – 17,
UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 1998

Time Allowed: 3 Hours Maximum Marks: 100

Maximum Marks: 100 Time Allowed: 3 Hours

Note: Attempt FIVE question in all, including Q. No. 8, which is Compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.

1 Describe the occurrence, management, regeneration, and environmental and economic importance of the following forest types: (a) Dry sub-tropical broad-leaved (b) Sub-tropical pine (c) Himalayan moist temperature (d) Dry temperate.

2 Describe the current state and the future of the following forests according to the present trends

(a) Juniper forests of Baluchistan
(b) Riverine forests of Sindh
(c) Irrigated plantations of the Punjab
(d) Coniferous forests of Northern Pakistan

Give pragmatic measures for their perpetuation.

3 Describe the Grazing system prevalent in any part of Pakistan and its effect on the range vegetation and the livestock. Make pragmatic proposals for enhancing their sustainable productivity.

4 Define forest policy. How is forest policy formulated, implemented and monitored? How would you improve this system?

5 What are the salient features of the forest laws in force in Pakistan? What are the lacunae in the laws and the shortcomings in their enforcement? What reforms would you advocate in the current system of forest protection?

6 What factors would you consider while determining the optimum rotation for an even-aged forest and the optimum exploitable size for the species in an uneven-aged forest?

7 Write a cogent essay on bio-diversity in Pakistan, giving its significance, current state, and feasible measures for its sustainable development.

WRITE THE CORRECT ANSWER IN THE ANSWER BOOK:

(i) Rotation for babul (pit props) 2, 8, 40, 60 years.

(ii) Rotation for chirr pine (financial) 20, 60, 100, 200 years.

(iii) Rotation for deodar (timber volume) 50, 120, 200, 300 years.

(iv) Rotation for blue pine (timber volume) 40, 100, 200, 300 years.

(v) Pressers borer is: (i) an insect (ii) samples soil (iii) measures diameter increment (iv) bores holes in wooden planks.

(vi) Stock table is: (i) used in surveying (ii) number of trees in each diameter class (iii) volume of trees in each diameter class (iv) table of random numbers

(vii) pH is a measure of: (i) acidity (ii) fertility (iii) academic qualifications (iv) infiltration

(viii) Xerophytes growing: (i) high rainfall areas (ii) dry places (iii) sea water (iv) lakes

(ix) Mycorhizae occur on: (i) leaves (ii) stems (iii) roots (iv) rocks

(x) Soil structure refers to: (i) size of soil particles (ii) salt content of soil (iii) water content of soil (iv) arrangement of soil particles

Write True or False in the Answer Book:

(xi) Fir a light demander

(xi) Babul (Kikar) is low growing

(xii) Eucalyptus inhibits plant growth under it

(xiv) Shisham enriches the soil

(xv) Snow leopard is a herbivore

(xvi) Marco polo sheep occur in Sindh

(xvi) Chin Kara is nocturnal

(xvii) Markhor occurs in Baluchistan

(xix) Teetar is an endangered species

(xx) Morchella Escalante is a medicinal plant

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