Total Marks – 200
Marks – 100
1. (a) Origin and development of the language
i. Elementary information about – Avesta, Old Persian and Pahlavi languages ii. The advent of Persian prose and poetry in the present script in the Islamic era iii. The earlier Persian prose writers and poets upto 4th century H/10th Century AC
(b) Significant features of the grammar of the language
i. Grammar: The three tenses, imperative mood (affirmative and negative) and muzara for present and future tenses
ii. Translation of simple English passage into Persian
2. Literary history and literary criticism – Literary movements, classical background, socio-cultural influences and modern trends. Origin and development of modern literary genres.
a. The literary history should include the development of Persian language and literature, besides Iran, in Afghanistan, the Indo-Pakistan sub-continent and the Persian speaking areas of the former USSR
b. In classical background, the four styles known as Khurasani, Iraqi, Hindi and Revivalist may be studied
c. In the literary movements the revivalist and purist movements and in the modern trends, the adaptation of Western loan words in Persian language needs to be emphasized.
3. Short essay in Persian