Philosophy CSS Paper I 2002




NOTE: Attempt any five questions including Question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.

  1. What is Logic? Evaluate in brief Aristotelian Logic.

  2. How Induction differs from Deduction? Can Induction be justified?

  3. What is the purpose and function of Definition? Discuss various forms of Definition.

  4. What is Symbolic Logic? Is it an improvement over traditional logic?

  5. Discuss the traditional Square of Opposition.

  6. Discuss Ibn-e-Taymiyyah’s refutation of Aristotelian Metaphysics and Logic.

  7. Write short notes on any Three of the following:
    (a) Categorical Syllogism
    (b) Dilemma
    (c) Laws of Thought
    (d) Probability
    (e) Argument by Analogy
    (f) Functional Analysis

  8. Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(A) Distinguish between the Deductive and Inductive arguments:
(1) Since the test proved that it took at least 2.3 seconds to operate the bullet on Omer’s rifle. Omer obviously could not have fired three times hitting Ahmad twice and Ali once on 5.6 second or less.
(2) A gardener who cultivates his own garden with his own hands unites in his own person three different characters of land-lord, farmer and labourer. His produce, therefore, should pay him the rent of the first, profit of the second and the wages of the thirds.
(3) It is evident from the state of the country from the habits of the people, from the experience we have had on the point itself, that it is impracticable to raise any very considerable sums by direct taxation. Tax laws have in vain been multiplied, new methods to enforce the collection have in vain been tried, the public expectations disappointed and the treasuries of the states have remained empty.
(4) (I don’t have this one. This is missing)
(5) There is, of course, no filament or heating element in the transistor to burn it out. Consequently, transistor should lost almost indefinitely, subject only to limitations of abuse, deterioration through diffusion of water vapour through the casing and so on.

(B) If “Some Saints were martyrs” is true
“Some merchants are not pirates” is true what may be inferred about the truth of falsehood of the following propositions?
(6) Some martyrs were not saints
(7)All martyrs were not saints
(8) No martyr were saints
(9) Some non-pirates are non-merchants
(10) All non-pirates are non-merchants

(C) Discuss the validity of invalidity of the following arguments.
(11) Smith is a fine man or Smith is the engineer. Smith is not a fine man. Therefore Smith is the engineer.
(12) If the second native told truth, then the first native denied being a politician. Therefore if the second native told the truth, then the third native told the truth.
(13) Mr. Smith is the brakeman’s next-door neighbor or Mr. Robinson is the brakeman’s next-door neighbor. Therefore Mr. Smith is the brakeman’s next-door neighbor.
(14) There is no case known in which the thing is found to be efficient cause of itself, for if it were so, it would be prior to itself, which is impossible..
(15) It is clear that we mean something and something is different in each case, by such words (as cause change, etc.). If we did not we could not use them consistently, and it is obvious that on the whole we do consistently apply and with hold such names.

(D) If the following argument by analogy has five additional premises suggested for it; for each of these alternative premises, decide whether its addition would make the resulting argument more or less probable.
An investor has purchased one hundred shares of oil stock every December for the past five years. In every case the value of the stock has appreciated about 3 percent a year, and it has paid regular dividends of about 5 percent a year on the price he bought it. This December he decides to buy another hundred shares of Oil Stock, reasoning that he will probably receive modest earnings while watching the value of his new purchase increase over the years.
(16) Suppose he had purchased oil stock every December for the past fifteen years instead of only five years.
(17) Suppose the oil-stock previously purchased had gone up by 10 percent a year instead of only 3 percent a year.
(18) Suppose his previous purchase of Oil-stock had been in foreign companies as well as in Eastern, Southern and Western American Oil Companies.
(19) Suppose he learns that the Federal Government is considering the passage of a new law to regulate oil and gas companies more strictly.
(20) Suppose he discovers that Tobacco Stocks have just raised their dividend payments.


89 thoughts on “Philosophy CSS Paper I 2002

  • August 2, 2022 at 5:54 am

    442839 298587Hi! I discovered your web site accidentally today, but am really pleased that we did! Its not only entertaining, but in addition straightforward to make use of in contrast to lots that Ive viewed! 752561

  • January 22, 2023 at 4:37 am

    382245 927758 There is noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you created certain good points in attributes also. 781958

  • July 4, 2023 at 1:41 am

    Hello! Someone in my Myspace group shared this site with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m book-marking and will be tweeting this to my followers! Fantastic blog and wonderful design and style.

  • July 7, 2023 at 6:23 am

    wonderful post, very informative. I’m wondering why the other experts of this sector do not realize this. You should continue your writing. I am sure, you have a huge readers’ base already!

  • July 8, 2023 at 7:54 pm

    I really love your blog.. Excellent colors & theme. Did you create this site yourself? Please reply back as I’m hoping to create my own website and want to learn where you got this from or what the theme is called. Appreciate it!

  • July 10, 2023 at 6:24 pm

    I was wondering if you ever considered changing the page layout of your blog? Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better. Youve got an awful lot of text for only having one or two images. Maybe you could space it out better?

  • July 11, 2023 at 4:21 pm

    Simply wish to say your article is as amazing. The clearness in your post is simply nice and i can assume you are an expert on this subject. Well with your permission allow me to grab your RSS feed to keep up to date with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the rewarding work.

  • July 13, 2023 at 12:11 am

    Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my iPad and tested to see if it can survive a forty foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My iPad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!

  • July 13, 2023 at 7:12 pm

    Why people still use to read news papers when in this technological world all is available on net?

  • July 15, 2023 at 12:06 am

    Hi there, I believe your web site could be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your web site in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Apart from that, wonderful blog!

  • July 16, 2023 at 7:26 am

    What’s up to every body, it’s my first visit of this blog; this webpage contains remarkable and truly good information in favor of readers.

  • July 17, 2023 at 9:11 pm

    Hey there outstanding blog! Does running a blog similar to this take a great deal of work? I have virtually no expertise in programming but I was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyways, if you have any suggestions or tips for new blog owners please share. I know this is off topic but I just had to ask. Cheers!

  • July 21, 2023 at 12:04 am

    It’s difficult to find educated people about this topic, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks

  • July 21, 2023 at 8:35 am

    Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates. I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this. Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  • July 21, 2023 at 11:19 pm

    We are a gaggle of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your web site provided us with useful information to work on. You have performed an impressive task and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  • July 27, 2023 at 7:31 pm

    Appreciating the dedication you put into your website and in depth information you present. It’s good to come across a blog every once in a while that isn’t the same out of date rehashed material. Excellent read! I’ve saved your site and I’m including your RSS feeds to my Google account.

  • August 1, 2023 at 4:59 am

    Hiya! Quick question that’s completely off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My website looks weird when viewing from my iphone. I’m trying to find a theme or plugin that might be able to correct this problem. If you have any suggestions, please share. Thanks!

  • August 3, 2023 at 2:53 am

    Heya i’m for the primary time here. I came across this board and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something back and help others like you helped me.

  • August 3, 2023 at 12:57 pm

    Hey! I know this is somewhat off-topic but I had to ask. Does running a well-established blog like yours take a massive amount work? I’m completely new to operating a blog but I do write in my diary everyday. I’d like to start a blog so I will be able to share my own experience and views online. Please let me know if you have any ideas or tips for new aspiring bloggers. Appreciate it!

  • August 5, 2023 at 7:06 pm

    I have been surfing online more than three hours these days, yet I never found any fascinating article like yours. It’s pretty value enough for me. Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the internet shall be much more useful than ever before.

  • August 6, 2023 at 1:52 am

    Howdy, I think your website might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your site in Safari, it looks fine however when opening in IE, it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to give you a quick heads up! Apart from that, fantastic blog!

  • August 7, 2023 at 5:56 am

    Hi everyone, it’s my first pay a visit at this website, and post is truly fruitful designed for me, keep up posting such posts.

  • August 7, 2023 at 8:22 pm

    Incredible points. Solid arguments. Keep up the good work.

  • August 10, 2023 at 7:25 pm

    We stumbled over here coming from a different website and thought I may as well check things out. I like what I see so now i am following you. Look forward to going over your web page for a second time.

  • August 10, 2023 at 8:47 pm

    What’s up to all, because I am in fact keen of reading this webpage’s post to be updated regularly. It includes nice data.

  • August 12, 2023 at 4:46 am

    Do you mind if I quote a couple of your posts as long as I provide credit and sources back to your weblog? My website is in the very same area of interest as yours and my visitors would genuinely benefit from a lot of the information you present here. Please let me know if this okay with you. Cheers!

  • August 12, 2023 at 12:07 pm

    At this time I am going to do my breakfast, when having my breakfast coming again to read further news.

  • August 14, 2023 at 10:29 am

    Have you ever thought about including a little bit more
    than just your articles? I mean, what you say is fundamental and everything.
    But just imagine if you added some great graphics or videos to give your posts more, “pop”!
    Your content is excellent but with images and
    video clips, this website could undeniably
    be one of the very best in its niche. Terrific blog!

  • August 16, 2023 at 1:37 pm

    I absolutely love your blog and find many of your post’s to be precisely what I’m looking for. Does one offer guest writers to write content for you personally? I wouldn’t mind creating a post or elaborating on some of the subjects you write related to here. Again, awesome web log!

  • August 16, 2023 at 1:53 pm

    This is a great tip especially to those new to the blogosphere. Short but very accurate information Thank you for sharing this one. A must read article!

  • August 18, 2023 at 3:10 pm

    Saved as a favorite, I really like your blog!

  • August 22, 2023 at 1:41 pm

    What I have observed in terms of computer memory is that there are specific features such as SDRAM, DDR and so forth, that must fit in with the specific features of the motherboard. If the personal computer’s motherboard is very current while there are no computer OS issues, improving the ram literally usually takes under one hour. It’s among the easiest computer system upgrade procedures one can picture. Thanks for revealing your ideas.

  • August 22, 2023 at 9:18 pm

    Wonderful blog! I found it while searching on Yahoo News. Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News? I’ve been trying for a while but I never seem to get there! Appreciate it

  • August 22, 2023 at 9:45 pm

    I love your blog.. very nice colors & theme. Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you? Plz reply as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to know where u got this from. appreciate it

  • August 24, 2023 at 1:25 am

    I am typically to running a blog and i actually admire your content. The article has actually peaks my interest. I’m going to bookmark your web site and preserve checking for brand new information.

  • August 24, 2023 at 9:52 pm

    Can I simply say what a relief to find somebody who actually knows what they’re talking about on the internet. You certainly know how to bring an issue to light and make it important. More people should look at this and understand this side of the story. I was surprised that you’re not more popular since you definitely have the gift.

  • August 25, 2023 at 3:36 pm

    Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for your blog. You have some really great articles and I believe I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d really like to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please send me an e-mail if interested. Many thanks!

  • August 26, 2023 at 4:28 pm

    I love it when people come together and share thoughts. Great website, keep it up!

  • August 27, 2023 at 3:42 pm

    Hello, I think your blog might be having browser compatibility issues. When I look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in Internet Explorer, it has some overlapping. I just wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other then that, awesome blog!

  • August 27, 2023 at 5:52 pm

    These days of austerity and relative anxiety about incurring debt, most people balk up against the idea of using a credit card to make acquisition of merchandise or perhaps pay for any occasion, preferring, instead only to rely on the tried and also trusted technique of making repayment – cash. However, if you possess cash there to make the purchase in full, then, paradoxically, that’s the best time to be able to use the cards for several causes.

  • August 29, 2023 at 2:05 pm

    What i do not realize is in reality how you’re no longer really much more smartly-liked than you may be right now. You’re very intelligent. You realize therefore considerably on the subject of this matter, made me for my part imagine it from so many numerous angles. Its like men and women aren’t fascinated except it?s something to do with Lady gaga! Your individual stuffs outstanding. At all times deal with it up!

  • August 29, 2023 at 2:07 pm

    This design is spectacular! You certainly know how to keep a reader entertained. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog (well, almost…HaHa!) Wonderful job. I really enjoyed what you had to say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!

  • August 31, 2023 at 12:24 pm

    We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community. Your website offered us with helpful information to work on. You’ve done an impressive task and our entire neighborhood might be grateful to you.

  • August 31, 2023 at 6:55 pm

    Excellent post but I was wondering if you could write a litte more on this subject? I’d be very thankful if you could elaborate a little bit more. Kudos!

  • September 1, 2023 at 7:40 am

    Thanks for the points you have contributed here. One more thing I would like to express is that laptop memory requirements generally increase along with other advancements in the technological innovation. For instance, if new generations of cpus are made in the market, there is usually a similar increase in the type demands of both the computer memory plus hard drive room. This is because the software program operated by simply these processor chips will inevitably boost in power to use the new technologies.

  • September 3, 2023 at 3:55 am

    I just like the helpful info you supply to your articles. I will bookmark your blog and take a look at once more here regularly. I’m slightly sure I will be informed lots of new stuff right here! Best of luck for the next!

  • September 4, 2023 at 1:03 pm

    I would like to thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this blog. I’m hoping the same high-grade blog post from you in the upcoming also. In fact your creative writing skills has encouraged me to get my own site now. Really the blogging is spreading its wings fast. Your write up is a great example of it.

  • September 7, 2023 at 1:44 pm

    An impressive share! I have just forwarded this onto a friend who had been doing a little research on this. And he in fact bought me breakfast simply because I discovered it for him… lol. So let me reword this…. Thank YOU for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for spending the time to discuss this issue here on your web page.

  • September 7, 2023 at 5:48 pm

    Hi there fantastic blog! Does running a blog like this take a massive amount work? I have no knowledge of computer programming but I was hoping to start my own blog soon. Anyway, if you have any recommendations or tips for new blog owners please share. I know this is off topic nevertheless I just needed to ask. Kudos!

  • September 13, 2023 at 1:25 am

    I simply couldn’t depart your website before suggesting that I really enjoyed the standard information a person supply to your visitors? Is gonna be again often in order to check out new posts

  • September 13, 2023 at 9:18 am

    Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You clearly know what youre talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your site when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

  • September 13, 2023 at 10:32 pm

    I am extremely inspired with your writing talents and alsowell as with the format in your blog. Is this a paid topic or did you customize it yourself? Either way stay up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to peer a nice blog like this one nowadays..

  • September 14, 2023 at 8:10 pm

    Hello would you mind letting me know which hosting company you’re working with? I’ve loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and I must say this blog loads a lot quicker then most. Can you suggest a good web hosting provider at a reasonable price? Kudos, I appreciate it!

  • September 14, 2023 at 9:37 pm

    I think what you postedtypedthink what you postedtypedthink what you postedtypedthink what you postedwroteWhat you postedtypedsaid was very logicala bunch of sense. But, what about this?think about this, what if you were to write a killer headlinetitle?content?typed a catchier title? I ain’t saying your content isn’t good.ain’t saying your content isn’t gooddon’t want to tell you how to run your blog, but what if you added a titleheadlinetitle that grabbed a person’s attention?maybe get a person’s attention?want more? I mean %BLOG_TITLE% is a little plain. You ought to peek at Yahoo’s home page and watch how they createwrite post headlines to get viewers interested. You might add a related video or a related picture or two to get readers interested about what you’ve written. Just my opinion, it could bring your postsblog a little livelier.

  • September 17, 2023 at 12:48 am

    Hi there are using WordPress for your blog platform? I’m new to the blog world but I’m trying to get started and create my own. Do you need any html coding expertise to make your own blog? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  • September 17, 2023 at 4:34 am

    Im not that much of a online reader to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your site to come back in the future. All the best

  • September 20, 2023 at 11:57 pm

    I’m not sure where you are getting your info, but good topic. I needs to spend some time learning more or understanding more. Thanks for great information I was looking for this information for my mission.

  • September 21, 2023 at 10:07 am

    Highly energetic article, I enjoyed that a lot. Will there be a part 2?

  • September 23, 2023 at 9:21 am

    Valuable information. Lucky me I found your website by accident, and I’m shocked why this accident did not happened earlier! I bookmarked it.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

%d bloggers like this: