Philosophy CSS Paper II 2002




NOTE: Attempt any five questions including Question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.

  1. “To be is to be perceived.” Critically evaluate Berkeley’s theory of Idealism.

  2. Vitalism is a revolt against Rationalistic & Mechanistic approaches to Philosophy. Do you think that Vitalism succeeds where Rationalism/Mechanism fails?

  3. Discuss the role and place of Ijtihad in Islamic culture with special reference to Iqbal.

  4. “Man is free man is freedom.” Discuss the significance of this statement in Existential Philosophy.

  5. Do you think that Ibn-i-Khuldun’s philosophy of history is compatible with Islamic Philosophy of History?

  6. What are the essential differences between Mutazilism & Asharism. Can they be reconciled?

  7. Write short notes on any Two of the following:
    (a) Ibn e Rushd’s critique of Al Ghazali
    (b) Pshychology of Ibn Sina
    (c) Ethics of Al Ghazali
    (d) Political philosophy of Al Farabi.


  1. Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(1) Tahafat-ul-Falsafa was written by:
(a) Al Farani (b) Al Kindi (c) Al Gahazali (d) None of these

(2) Tahafat ul Tahafat was written by:
(a) Ibn Ishaq (b) Ibn Khuldun (c) Ibn Rushd (d) None of these

(3) ‘Major Themes of the Quran’ was written by:
(a) Ali Shariati (b) Hussain Nasr (c) Fazl-ur-Rehman (d) None of these

(4) ‘Origin of species’ was written by:
(a) Bergson (b) Descartes (c) Darwin (d) None of these

(5) “Lectures on the Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam” was written by
(a) Rumi (b) Ali Shariati (c) Iqbal (d) None of these

(6) A. J. Ayer is an important name in the Philosophy of:
(a) Pragmatism (b) Logical Positivism (c) Existentialism (d) None of these

(7) ‘Philosophical Investigations’ was written by:
(a) Whiteland (b) Russell (c) Wittgenstein (d) None of these

(8) ‘Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals’ is written by:
(a) Hegel (b) Kant (c) Hume (d) None of these

(9) “Impressions precede Ideas” is the basis of:
(a) Empiricism (b) Idealism (c) Vitalism (d) None of these

(10) Cogito ergo sum is the method of philosophy introduced by:
(a) Al Ghazali (b) Descartes (c) Plato (d) None of these

(11) “Mind is a Tabula Rasa” is the thesis of:
(a) Leibniz (b) Berkeley (c) Locke (d) None of these

(12) “Treatise of Human Nature” was written by:
(a) Spinoza (b) Hobbes (c) Hume (d) None of these

(13) “Sun will rise tomorrow.” What is the name of this statement?
(a) Knowledge-statement (b) Belief-statement (c) Intuitive-statement (d) None of these

(14) “Existence precedes Essence” is the basic thesis of:
(a) Vitalism (b) Existentialism (c) Pragmatism (d) None of these

(15) “Unexamined life is not worth-living.” This is the contention of:
(a) Aristotle (b) St. Augustime (c) Socrates (d) None of these

(16) ‘Hujja tillah Hil Baligha” was written by:
(a) Syed Ahmad Khan (b) Syed Amir Ali (c) Shah Wali Ullah (d) None of these

(17) ‘Principia Ethica’ was written by:
(a) Whitehead (b) Russell (c) G. E. Moore (d) None of these

(18) Critique of Pure Reason is a remarkable contribution of:
(a) Hegel (b) Kant (c) J. P. Sartre (d) None of these

(19) “Social Contract” was written by:
(a) Voltair (b) Rousseau (c) T. Moore (d) None of these

(20) “God infused His own spirit in man.”; “Now it is up to man to bear, witness that God is indeed present in him.” This saying is of:
(a) Rumi (b) Ibn Arabi (c) Allama Iqbal (d) None of these


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