Agriculture CSS Paper 2005

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION
FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS – 17
UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2005.

AGRICULTURE

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100

NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.

Q. No. 1. What are critical issues in agriculture? Write down their solutions for agricultural development in Pakistan.

Q. No. 2. What are soil texture and soil structure? How the soil texture and structure affects the plant growth. Discuss in detail.

Q. No. 3. How genetic manipulation of field crops can improve the tolerance of the plants to a biotic stress?

Q. No. 4. How research can play role in achieving food security? Discuss in detail.

Q. No. 5. What are different economic decision levels in IPM? Describe the role of IPM in sustainable agriculture.

Q. No. 6. Write short notes on any Five of the following:
(a) Role of organic matter in soil productivity
(b) Wind erosion
(c) Challenges in animal production in Pakistan
(d) Major disease of wheat crop in Pakistan
(e) Principles of crop management
(f) Modern concept of horticultural industry
(g) Photoperiodism

Q. No. 7. Differentiate between the following (Any five)
(a) Epigeal germination and Hypogeal germination
(b) Synapsis and Synopsis
(c) Eluviation and Illuviation
(d) Metastasis and Myiasis
(e) True fruits and False fruits
(f) Oviparous insects and Viviparous Insects
(g) HPLC and TLC

COMPULSORY QUESTION

Q. No. 8. Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(1) How much of the earth’s surface is covered by water?
(a) 65% (b) 70% (c) 80% (d) None of these

(2) Citrus has its origin in:
(a) Indo-Chinese region (b) Africa (c) Middle East (d) None of these

(3) The science of classification is called:
(a) Ecology (b) Horticulture (c) Taxonomy (d) None of these

(4) Grapes cultivation is called:
(a) Orcharding (b) Viticulture (c) Pomology (d) None of these

(5) Tomato is a good source of vitamin:
(a) Vitamin A (b) Vitamin B (c) Vitamin C (d) None of these

(6) Histosols are found in
(a) Canada (b) Alaska (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of these

(7) Age of earth is:
(a) 6 billion years (b) 4 billion years (c) 1 billion years (d) None of these

(8) Common soils found in Pakistan:
(a) Aridisols (b) Inceptisols (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of these

(9) A group of similar looking plants that has approved for general cultivation in a ecological zone is called:
(a) Variety (b) Strain (c) Taxonomy (d) None of these

(10) The basic set of chromosomes in case of wheat is:
(a) 7 (b) 14 (c) 42 (d) None of these

(11) In DNA, adenine always pair with
(a) Thymine (b) Guanine (c) Cytosine (d) None of these

(12) Mushrooms are member of:
(a) Oomycetes (b) Discomycetes (c) Pyrenomycetes (d) None of these

(13) Most fungal disease spread out in:
(a) Dry & Cold weather (b) Wet & Cold (c) Dry & Hot (d) None of these

(14) Tikka disease of groundnut is renowned to:
(a) Thar (b) Chakwal (c) Rawalpindi (d) None of these

(15) The fruits and vegetables contain an insoluble stiffening material called:
(a) Pectin (b) Lignin (c) Protopectin (d) None of these

(16) Substances added intentionally to foods for the purpose of making more profit termed as:
(a) Food contaminations (b ) Food adulterants (c) Food additives (d) None of these

(17) Lepus capensis is the name of
(a) Tiger (b) Lion (c) Rat (d) None of these

(18) Establishment of new crop naturally or artificially is:
(a) Silviculture (b) Sericulture (c) Nursery (d) None of these

(19) Meaningful statement about the economic behavior or the economy is called:
(a) Economic principles (b) Economic theories (c) Both (a) and (b) (d) None of these

(20) The measure of fluids resistance to sheer or angular deformation:
(a) Normality (b) Viscosity (c) Compressibility (d) None of these

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