FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2001.
EUROPEAN HISTORY, PAPER – II
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100
NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
- “The Treaty of Versailles contained the germs of World War II.” Elaborate.
“The Russian Revolution of 1917 was an economic explosion hastened by the stupidities of an autocratic government.” In the light of the above statement, discuss the outbreak and the various stages of the revolution up till 1920.
Critically comment upon the Foreign Policy followed by Great Britain between the Two Wars.
“The lesson of History is that we do not learn lesson from it.” How far do you agree with this observation with regard to the policies of the Two World Organizations, the League of Nations and the UNO?
Bring out the circumstances which led to the establishment of the NATO. Also critically examine its role and achievements in the field for which it has been formed.
Account carefully for the decline of the British as World Power after the World War II.
Write notes on any THREE of the following:
(i) The Treaties of Sevres and Lausanne. (ii) The Depression of 1929 and England. (iii) The Warsaw Pact (iv) The motives and the work of the European Common Market in a nutshell.
- Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.
(1) Wilson’s Fourteen Points were announced in:
(a) 1917 (b) 1918 (c) 1919 (d) None of these
(2) The treaty of Neuilly was made by the victorious powers with:
(a) Austria (b) Hungary (c) Bulgaria (d) None of these
(3) Locarno Pact was signed in:
(a) 1925 (b) 1927 (c) 1930 (d) None of these
(4) The other name of the Kellogg Pact was:
(a) Pact of Berlin (b) Pact of Paris (c) Pact of Vienna (d) None of these
(5) The Headquarters of the League of Nations stationed at:
(a) Paris (b) Geneva (c) Hague (d) None of these
(6) “The Cadets” emerged as a strong political group in:
(a) Russia (b) Germany (c) Italy (d) None of these
(7) On death, Lenin was replaced by:
(a) Trotsky (b) Kerensky (c) Stalin (d) None of these
(8) Albania was annexed by Italy in:
(a) 1930 (b) 1935 (c) 1939 (d) None of these
(9) About whom Mussolini once boasted “mare Nostrum”:
(a) The Mediterranean Sea (b) The Italian Army (c) The Fascist Party (d) None of these
(10) Germany annexed Austria in:
(a) 1932 (b) 1934 (c) 1937 (d) None of these
(11) The formation of the Berlin – Rome – Tokyo Axis was called “a great political triangle”. By whom?
(a) Hitler (b) Mussolini (c) Someone else
(12) The French Foreign Policy between the two World Wars mainly circled round the:
(a) German phobia (b) Russian fear (c) Italian danger (d) None of these
(13) In 1940, the battle of Oran was fought between:
(a) England and France (b) England and Italy (c) England and Germany (d) None of these
(14) The hero of the battle of El Alamein was:
(a) Gen. Eisenhower (b) Gen. Montgomery (c) Gen. Alexander (d) None of these
(15) The author(s) of the Book “Europe Since Napoleon” is/are:
(a) E. H. Carr (b) A. J. P. Taylor (c) D. Thompson (d) Derry and Jarman (e) None of these
(16) The aircraft carrier “Courageous” sunk by the Germans, belonged to:
(a) France (b) England (c) Russia (d) None of these
(17) The Atlantic Charter was issued on:
(a) August: 14, 1940 (b) August: 14, 1941 (c) August: 14, 1942 (d) None of these
(18) The Headquarters of the UNO are placed at:
(a) Hague (b) Washington (c) New York (d) None of these
(19) The Marshall Plan was adopted in:
(a) 1645 (b) 1946 (c) 1947 (d) None of these
(20) Burma got independence from England in:
(a) September 1947 (b) January 1948 (c) March 1948 (d) None of these