Philosophy CSS Paper II 2009

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR
RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BPS-17 UNDER
THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2009
PHILOSOPHY, PAPER-II
(PART-I) 30 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS:20 TIME ALLOWED: (PART-II) 2 HOURS & 30 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS:80
NOTE: (i) First attempt PART-I (MCQ) on separate Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 minutes.
(ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit.
PART – I (MCQ)
(COMPULSORY)
Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (20)
(i) Idols of the cave refer to:
(a) Verbal confusions (b) Philosophical systems of the past (c) Individual prejudices (d) None of these
(ii) ‘Causality is subjective and a habit of our mind’, is the philosophy expounded by:
(a) Descartes (b) Hobbes (c) Hume (d) None of these
(iii) _______ rejects the theory of innate ideas and says that the human mind is like a tabula rasa at birth:
(a) Hobbes (b) Locke (c) Descartes
(iv) Unity and justice are the basic principles of the beliefs of the __________ and this is the reason why they call themselves “People of unity and Justice.”
(a) Orthodox (b) Mutazilites (c) Asharites
(v) Soren Kierkegaard was _________ Existentialist philosopher from Denmark:
(a) Atheistic (b) Religious
(vi) ___________, a German Philosopher, was deeply concerned with the problem of nihilism in the European society.
(a) Martin Heidegger (b) J.P. Sartre (c) Friedrich Nietzsche
(vii) According to _________ “Nietzsche’s eternal recurrence is only a more rigid kind of mechanism, based not on an ascertained fact but only on a working hypothesis of science.”
(a) Bergson (b) Heidegger (c) Allama Iqbal
(viii) _________ expounded the theory of monads in his book, “Monadology.”
(a) Berkeley (b) Spinoza (c) Leibniz
(ix) According to ___________, “To be is to be perceived.”
(a) Hobbes (b) Locke (c) Berkeley
(x) According to Spinoza, Humans achieve freedom through:
(a) Exercising their will (b) Clearly understanding the causal chain
(c) Rejection of the idea of God (d) None of these
(xi) The philosophy of ________ is a synthesis of empiricism and rationalism:
(a) Hume (b) Berkeley (c) Kant (d) None of these
(xii) ‘The Real is rational, and the rational is real’, is a basic tenet of the philosophy of:
(a) Spinoza (b) Hegel (c) Berkeley (d) None of these
(xiii) ________ is known as the founder of pragmatism.
(a) William James (b) Henri Bergson (c) Martin Heidegger (d) None of these
(xiv) The ethical theory propounded by _______ is known as Prescriptivism.
(a) Moore (b) Hare (c) Stevenson (d) None of these
(xv) Logical atoms in philosophy of Wittgenstein are _________________.
(a) Real (b) Abstract (c) Concrete (d) None of these
(xvi) The principle of movement in Islam according to Iqbal is Ijtehad.
(a) True (b) False
(xvii) In stages of life, the aesthetic stage is the highest, according to Kierkegaard.
(a) True (b) False
(xviii) Spinoza’s ethical theory is based upon altruism.
(a) True (b) False
(xix) Kant affirmed traditional theological proofs for the existence of God.
(a) True (b) False
(xx) To define good in terms of a natural object is not a naturalistic fallacy.
(a) True (b) False

PART – II
NOTE:
(i) PART-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART-II. All questions carry EQUAL marks.
(iii) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.
Q.2. Define and distinguish subjective and objective idealism, with special reference to Berkeley and Hegel. (20)
Q.3. Discuss Pragmatic theory of truth, pragmatism is philosophy of capitalism, comment. (20)
Q.4. Critically evaluate A.J. Ayer’s ‘Principle of Verifiability’ and its impact on ethics. (20)
Q.5. Discuss in detail the sources and component parts of Marxism. (20)
Q.6. State and explain Ibn-i-Khaldun’s concept of ‘asabia’, keeping in view the contemporary debate on the clash of civilizations. (20)
Q.7. Critically discuss religious fundamentalism, revivalism and reformism. (20)
Q.8. Sayyid Ahmad Khan and Iqbal were against fatalism and tried to promote this worldly attitude amongst Muslims, comment. (20)


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