FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BS-17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 1999 – SOCIOLOGY
TIME ALLOWED: 3 HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100
NOTE: Attempt five questions including Question No. 8 which is compulsory. All questions carry equal marks.
- “Sociology is the controlled observation and interpretation of differing patterns of human relationships – their sources and consequences.” (Wilson) Discuss it in detail.
Define social change and discuss the incentives to social and cultural change in Pakistan.
What is Deviant behavior? Discuss the major types of crime in Pakistan with your suggestions for their reformations.
Write a comprehensive note on the following:
(a) Ibn Khuldun’s contribution to Sociology
(b) Functions of social institutions.
What do you understand by Socialization? Discuss its function in the family.
Discuss the contributions of Ferdinand Tonnies to Scientific Sociology.
Discuss Emile Dur Khein’s analysis of Suicide and its effects on human society.
- Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.
(1) Urbanization means:
(a) Population increase
(b) Population shift from rural to urban
(c) Residents of suburbs
(d) Unequal opportunity for employment
(2) Diffusion is:
(a) The spread of culture traits from group to group
(b)Cultural differences within a common society.
(c) The time lag between social and cultural adjustments.
(d) Limiting opportunity or reward.
(3) Fatalism means:
(a) Loose kinship ties
(b) Absence of child
(c) Belonging to fate, ill fortune to a particular individual
(d) Materialistic values.
(4) Juvenile delinquency means:
(a) A professional criminal.
(b) Armed robbery
(d) Murder or aggravated assault
(5) Homo-Sapiens mean:
(a) An early hominid that was erect
(b) The species of modern humans that first appeared in the middle Pleistocene
(c) Mental image that embodies common elements
(d) Common man
(6) Gesellschaft is used by:
(b) Emile Dur Kheim
(c) Ferdinand Tonnies
(d) Max Weber
(7) Folkways mean:
(a) Centering on beliefs and practices
(b) Behaviour that departs unvarying degree of conduct
(c) Ordinary modes of behavior governed by norms.
(d) A criterion for role performance.
(8) Universalism is:
(a) The covariance of measure of two variables.
(b) A criterion for role performance leading us to behave in accordance with certain standards.
(c) Confronting evidence to test the nature of reality
(d) The quality of being divinely favoured with extraordinary capacities.
(9) Mores mean:
(a) Strong ideas of right and wrong which requires certain actions and forbid others.
(b)An inborn behaviour
(c) A new culture traits
(d) Intended effects of an institution.
(10) Caste system is:
(a) A tendency to feel and act in a certain way
(b) A stratified social system in which social position is entirely determined by parent age, with no provision for change of position.
(c) Mutual cultural traits
(d) A gathering of people.