English Punjab PMS Paper I 2005


Q.1 Write an essay on One of the following topics (40)
a) Menace of human trafficking
b) Should higher education be provided for the selected few only?
c) The need and importance of tolerance and moderation in politics
d) Is modern civilization a failure?
e) The power and responsibility of the Press
f) Moral standards in international relations
g) This Land of the Pure

Q.2 Make a précis of the following passage in about 120 words and suggesta suitable title. (20)

“Teaching, more even than other professions, has been transformed during the last hundred years from a small, highly skilled profession concerned with a minority of the population, to a large and important branch of the public service. The profession has a great and honourable tradition, extending from the dawn of history until recent times, but any teacher in the modern world who allows himself to be inspired by the ideals of his predecessors is likely to be made sharply aware that it is not his function to teach what he thinks, but to instill such beliefs and prejudices as are thought useful by his employers. In former days a teacher was expected to be a man of exceptional knowledge or wisdom, to whose words men would do well to attend. In antiquity, teachers were not an organized profession, and no control was exercised over what they taught. It is true that they were often punished afterwards for their subversive doctrines. Socrates was put to death and Plato is said to have been thrown into prison, but such incidents did not interfere with the spread of their doctrines. Any man who has the genuine impulse of the teacher will be more anxious to survive in his books than in the flesh. A feeling of intellectual independence is essential to the proper fulfillment of the teacher’s function, since it is his business to instill what he can of knowledge and reasonable into the process of forming public opinion.

In our more highly organized world we face a new problem. Something called education is given to everybody, usually by the State. The teacher has thus become, in the vast majority of cases, a civil servant obliged to carry out the behests of men who have not his learning, who have no experience of dealing with the young and whose only attitude towards education is that of the propagandist.”

Q.3 Translate the passage given below into English. (15)


1861 میں سرسید احمد خان نے ایک انگریزی اسکول مراد آباد میں قائم کیا۔ انہیں اس بات کا پورا پورا یقین ہو گیا تھا کہ ہندوستان کے مسلمانوں کے لیے یہ ضروری ہے کہ وہ اپنی مذہبی تعلیم کے ساتھ ساتھ مغربی علوم میں بھی مہارت حاصل کریں۔ ورنہ وہ کسی صورت ترقی نہیں کر سکیں گے۔ آہستہ آہستہ ان کا یہ عقیدہ پختہ ہوگیا اور وہ مسلمانوں کی تعلیم کے متعلق اور بھی شدت سے سوچنے لگے۔ 1899میں ایسا اتفاق ہوا کہ گورنمنٹ ہند نے جسٹس محمود کو انگلستان بھیج کر تعلیم حاصل کرنے کے لیے وظیفہ دینا منظور کیا۔ سرسید کی خواہش تھی کہ کوئی موقع ملے تو انگلستان جاکر اپنی آنکھوں سے وہاں کی درسگاہوں کی نظام دیکھیں۔ چناچہ وہ اپنے فرزند محمود کے ساتھ انگلستان گئے اور وہاں کی درسگاہوں اور تعلیمی نظام کا بغور مطالعہ کیا۔ چنانچہ انگلستان میں ہی آپ نے پختہ ارادہ کرلیا کہ ہندوستان میں مسلمانوں کی خاطر ایک ایسی یونیورسٹی قائم کی جائے جو کسی طرح بھی آکسفورڈ اور کیمرج سے کم نہ ہو ہندوستان واپسی پر آپ نے ایم اے او کالج کی بنیاد رکھی جو آہستہ آہستہ یونیورسٹی کی شکل اختیار کرگیا۔
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