European History CSS Paper I 2013

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION -2013
FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BS-17
UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
EUROPEAN HISTORY, PAPER-I

TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS
(PART-I MCQs) 30 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS: 20
(PART-II) 2 HOURS & 30 MINUTES MAXIMUM MARKS: 80

NOTE:
(i) First attempt PART-I (MCQs) on separate OMR Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 minutes.
(ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit.

PART-I ((MCQs) (COMPULSORY)

Q.1. (i) Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate Circle on the OMR Answer Sheet. (20×1=20)
(ii) Answers given anywhere, other than OMR Answer Sheet, shall not be considered.

1. Luftwaffe was the name of:
(a) German Air Force (b) Russian Air Force (c) French Air Force (d) Italian Air Force

2. Fabian Society was formed in:
(a) America (b) England (c) France (d) Spain

3. Einstein’s research experiments deal with:
(a) Atomic theory (b) Quantum Theory (c) Relativity Theory (d) Computer Theory

4. George Jacques Danton was:
(a) Austrian Terrorist (b) Russian philosopher (c) British Economist (d) French Moderatist

5. What in the meaning/understanding of the term “Weltpolitik”?
(a) World politics (b) National politics (c) Regional politics (d) Local politics

6. Who was ‘Adophe Thiers’?
(a) German statesman & historian (b) French statesman & historian (c) British statesman & historian (d) Russian statesman & historian

7. When ‘Fashoda Incident’ happened?
(a) 1896 (b) 1897 (c) 1898 (d) 1899

8. In 1807 the Battle of Friedland was fought between:
(a) France & Germany (b) France & Britain (c) France & Italy (d) France & Russia

9. Who was the great revolutionary leader who led Vietnam to independence?
(a) Chew Kai Sheck (b) Sun Yat Sen (c) Nelson Mandela (d) Ho Chi Minh

10. ___________the STATES GENERAL was the:
(a) National Assembly of France (b) Federal Assembly of Germany (c) Representative Assembly of Spain (d) Regional Assembly of Italy

11. The Treaty of Basle was signed in 1795 between:
(a) France & England (b) France & Prussia (c) France & Austria (d) France & Germany

12. Napoleon-I was defeated by Nelson in the Battle of Nile in:
(a) 1797 (b) 1798 (c) 1799 (d) 1800

13. The renowned book ‘MEIN KMPF’ was written by:
(a) Mussolini (b) Hindenburg (c) Churchill (d) Hitler

14. In 1804 the Serbs raised the standard of revolt against the Turkish rule under the leadership of:
(a) Alexander (b) Metternich (c) Franco (d) Karageorge

15. From 1812 to 1822 Castlereagh served as the foreign minister of:
(a) England (b) France (c) Germany (d) Russia

16. Who was GARIBALDI:
(a) German soldier & patriot (b) Russian soldier & patriot (c) Italian soldier & patriot (d) Spanish soldier & patriot

17. In 1904 the Entente Cordiale was signed between:
(a) England & France (b) England & Germany (c) England & Russia (d) England & Italy

18. Alexander-II ascended the throne of Russia in:
(a) 1880 (b) 1885 (c) 1890 (d) 1895

19. The first written Constitution of France was enforced in:
(a) 1791 (b) 1792 (c) 1793 (d) 1794

20. Name the treaty which ended the Crimean war:
(a) Treaty of London (b) Treaty of Berlin (c) Treaty of Paris (d) Treaty of Rome

PART-II

NOTE:
(i) Part-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Candidate must write Q. No. in the Answer Book in accordance with Q. No. in the Q. Paper.
(iii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART-II. ALL questions carry EQUAL marks.
(iv) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.

Q.2. What was the ‘Continental System’ and why did Napoleon try to enforce it after 1806? Why did he fail? (20)

Q.3. ‘The Vienna settlement of 1815 was dictated throughout by consideration of power politics’. Examine this view comprehensively. (20)

Q.4. ‘Eighteen years of neglect at home and obedience to Britain abroad’. Explain this comment on the reign of Louis Philippe. (20)

Q.5. What were the greatest obstacles in the way of German Unification from 1815 to 1848? Give your analysis. (20)

Q.6. ‘The Tsar believed that God had given them the duty to rule Russia without challenge or opposition.’ How was this belief put in to effect by Nicholas-I and Alexander-II? (20)

Q.7. Explain the principal causes and results of the Crimean War. (20)

Q.8. Write short notes on any TWO of the following:- (10 each) (20)
(a) Foreign policy of Bismarck (b) Causes of First World War (c) New Imperialism (d) Metternich and problems of Habsburg Monarchy (1815-1848)

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