European History CSS Paper II 2005

FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2005.
EUROPEAN HISTORY, PAPER – II
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100
NOTE: Attempt FIVE questions in all, including question No. 8 which is COMPULSORY. All questions carry EQUAL marks.

1. The young Turks refused to accept the Treaty of Sevres? What were main provisions of the new Treaty (Lausanne)?

2. The predominant objectives of Russian foreign policy between the Wars were preservation of the Soviet System in Russia and the spread of communist ideology abroad. Discuss.

3. Give an estimate of Mussolini’s rise to power. What led to his fall?

4. How the Third Republic in France was formed? Why it collapsed?

5. Do you agree with the view that politics of Europe between 1945 and 1950 was confronted with the issues of new Balance of Power and Cold War? How far these were settled?

6. How far European Common Market had been the basis of Political integration of Europe? Discuss.

7. Write short notes on any Two of the following:
(i) Balfour Declaration (ii) Trotsky (iii) Mein Kamph (iv) Rise of Labour Party in England.

COMPULSORY QUESTION

8. Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.

(1) League of Nations had its Headquarters in:
(a) Berlin (b) Geneva (c) New York (d) None of these

(2) Locarno Treaties were initiated in:
(a) October, 1925 (b) November, 1925 (c) December, 1925 (d) None of these

(3) Marshall Plan was launched in:
(a) 1945 (b) 1946 (c) 1947 (d) None of these

(4) Germany was admitted to the League of Nations in:
(a) September, 1936 (b) October, 1926 (c) September, 1927
(d) None of these

(5) The Spanish Civil War broke out on:
(a) July 10, 1935 (b) July 11, 1935 (c) July 18, 1935 (d) None of these

(6) Stalin died in:
(a) March, 1951 (b) March, 1952 (c) March, 1953 (d) None of these

(7) Treaty of Trianon was made between the Allies and:
(a) Italy (b) Hungary (c) Poland (d) None of these

(8) SEATO was formed in:
(a) 1954 (b) 1955 (c) 1960 (d) None of these

(9) NATO was formed on:
(a) 2nd February, 1949 (b) 3rd March, 1949 (c) 4th April, 1949 (d) None of these

(10) In 1923, French Troops occupied:
(a) The Ruhr Valley (b) Danzig (c) Nice and Savory (d) None of these

(11) Russia joined League of Nations in:
(a) 1930 (b) 1931 (c) 1932 (d) None of these

(12) During World War II, Turkey:
(a) Joined the Axis Power (b) Joined the Allies (c) Remained Neutral (d) None of these

(13) Four Power Pact was signed in:
(a) 1930 (b) 1931 (c) 1932 (d) None of these

(14) Anti – Comintern Pact was signed between Germany and:
(a) Austria (b) France (c) Japan (d) None of these

(15) Atom Bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on:
(a) August 6, 1945 (b) August 4, 1945 (c) August 9, 1945 (d) None of these

(16) Who said, “The struggle between two Worlds (Axis and Non – Axis) can permit no compromise. Either we or they”?
(a) Hitler (b) Mussolini (c) Chamberlain (d) None of these

(17) Germany became a member of NATO on:
(a) 1954 (b) 1955 (c) 1956 (d) None of these

(18) UNESCO was established on:
(a) November 24, 1946 (b) November 30, 1946 (c) February 11, 1947 (d) None of these

(19) ANZUS Pact was signed in:
(a) 1948 (b) 1850 (c) 1952 (d) None of these

(20) Who wrote “The Age of Progress”.
(a) Colins, Irene (b) Taylor, A.J.P (c) Gilbert, Felix (d) None of these

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