Philosophy CSS Paper I 2004
FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS
IN BPS – 17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2004.
PHILOSOPHY, PAPER – I
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS MAXIMUM MARKS:100
NOTE: Attempt all questions. Give details in relevance to the marks assigned to the Question. Question No. 8 is objective.
- Define Logic. What are its two kinds with reference to Truth and Validity?
Discuss syllogism and its formative and general rules.
What is inference? Discuss the kinds of Immediate Inference.
Discuss al-Farabi’s contribution to Logic.
Write short notes on Hypothesis and simple enumeration.
Discuss Analogy as a form of Inductive Method.
Discuss the Emotive or Declarative use of language.
What are Variables and Non-Variables in Symbolic Logic?
Define Prepositional calculus and its elements.
Critically discuss the fallacy of Relevance.
PART-1: Write True or False in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.
(a) Logic is a Positive Science.
(b) Inference is a Mental Process.
(c) Conversion is a form of Immediate Inference.
(d) Logic is concerned with the conclusions of though.
(e) The conclusions of Induction are not certain.
PART-II: Which of the following are Prepositions? Which are not right or wrong?
(a) Close the door (b) Mango is the king of fruits. (c) The earth revolve around the sun. (d) Akbar is better than Anwar. (e) I wish I could go to Karachi.
PART-III: Do as directed:
(a) Write down the four figures of syllogism.
(b) Draw the square of oppositions showing the relationship of A,E,I,O.
(c) Give the conversion of A,E,I,O.
(d) Draw John Venn’s circles showing A,E,I,O.
(e) Draw the truth table of the following and state whether it is correct or incorrect.
If he takes poison he will die.
He has not died.
Therefore he has not taken poison.
PART-IV: Write only the correct answer in the Answer Book. Do not reproduce the questions.
(a) Rad-ul-Mantaqeen was written by:
(i) Ghazali (ii) Farabi (iii) Ibn-i-Taimiya (iv) None of these
(b) V is the symbol of ________ in Logic.
(i) Conjunction (ii) Disconjunction (iii) Implication (iv) Something else
(c) ___________ are possible answers or solutions of Scientific enquiries.
(i) Analogy (ii) Hypothesis (iii) Propositions (iv) Some other
(d) In a syllogism there are __________ terms.
(i) Four (ii) Two (iii) Three (iv) Other
(e) There are two kinds of fallacies; ____________ and ____________.
(i) Fallacies of Relevance and Ambiguity. (ii) Fallacies of Validity and Invalidity (iii) Fallacies of Vagueness and Emotivety. (iv) Some other
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