FEDERAL PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION COMPETITIVE EXAMINATION FOR RECRUITMENT TO POSTS IN BS-17 UNDER THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, 2011 – SOCIOLOGY
TIME ALLOWED: THREE HOURS
PART-I(MCQS): MAXIMUM 30 MINUTES
PART-I (MCQS) MAXIMUM MARKS = 20
PART-II MAXIMUM MARKS = 80
NOTE: (i) First attempt PART-I (MCQs) on separate OMR Answer Sheet which shall be taken back after 30 minutes.
(ii) Overwriting/cutting of the options/answers will not be given credit
(PART-I MCQs) (COMPULSORY)
Q.1. Select the best option/answer and fill in the appropriate box on the Answer Sheet. (1 x 20=20)
(i) Who said “Man is a social animal?”
(a) Aristotle (b) Plato (c) Sir Thomas More (d) Emile Durkheim
(ii) Who called sociology “Social Physics?”
(a) Anguste Comte (b) Wilfred Pareto (c) Herbert Spencer (d) Max Weber
(iii) Bourgeois type of society was introduced by:
(a) Hegel (b) Karl Marx (c) Aristotle (d) Plato
(iv) When cultural traits spread from one society to another, the process is called :
(a) Assimilation (b) Diffusion (c) Pluralism (d) Evolution
(v) An ascribed status is one that is:
(a) Awarded by society (b) Gained from talent
(c) Endowed at birth (d) Based on competition
(vi) Ethnocentrism means:
(a) Superiority of ones own culture (b) Inferiority of ones own culture
(c) Both of these (d) None of these
(vii) A system in which one husband is married to many women is called:
(a) Monogamy (b) Polygamy (c) Polyandry (d) Polygyny
(viii) Levirate means:
(a) Marriage of a man with the widow of his deceased brother
(b) Marriage of a man with the sister of his deceased wife (c) None of these
(ix) Joint family may be preferred because it has:
(a) Greater financial security (b) Division of labour
(c) Workable as a cooperative organization (d) All of these
(x) Which of the following is not a major feature of Capitalism?
(a) Private Property (b) Competition (c) Profit incentive (d) Equitable distribution of income
(xi) Movement from rural to urban area is called:
(a) Migration (b) Urbanization (c) Social movement (d) Social mobility
(xii) Religion is a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things. This definition has been given by:
(a) Hegel (b) Durkheim (c) Karl Marx (d) Ginsberg
(xiii) Rapid growth of Urbanization is due to advancement in:
(a) Modernization (b) Westernization (c) Technology (d) Transport
(xiv) Whose statement is this “Where there is life there is a society.”
(a) Auguste Comte (b) Herbert Spencer (c) Durkheim (d) Maclver & Page
(xv) Who developed the “Organic Theory of Society?”
(a) Herbert Spencer (b) Henry Maine (c) Thomas Hobbes (d) Maclver
(xvi) What does culture usually reflect in Modern society?
(a) Group Culture (b) National Culture (c) Geographical Culture (d) Religious Culture
(xvii) Customs are powerful in regulating the conduct of people in:
(a) Simple Societies (b) Urban Societies (c) Industrialized Societies (d) All of these
(xviii) Which one of these is not an essential element of Community?
(a) Locality (b) Community sentiment (c) Common way of life (d) Individual Interest
(xix) Norms in society indicate:
(a) Normal standard of social behaviour (b) Ethical ideals of society
(c) Tendency of human beings to move up
(d) Standardized generalization about normal expected mode of behaviour
(xx) Which one of the following is not a healthy social process?
(a) Competition (b) Co-operation (c) Integration (d) None of these
NOTE: (i) Part-II is to be attempted on the separate Answer Book.
(ii) Candidate must write Q. No. in the Answer Book in accordance with Q. No. in the Q. Paper.
(iii) Attempt ONLY FOUR questions from PART-II. ALL questions carry EQUAL marks.
(iv) Extra attempt of any question or any part of the attempted question will not be considered.
Q.2. Define the term “Social Change” and discuss the process of social change in group behaviour. (20)
Q.3. Define the term “Social Problem” and discuss the causes of drug abuse in Pakistan. (20)
Q.4. Discuss in detail “Urbanization as a Process.” (20)
Q.5. Write a note in detail on “Evolutionary Theory” given by Ibn-i-Khaldun. (20)
Q.6. Discuss in detail “Theory of Labour” given by Karl Marx. (20)
Q.7. Define the term “Social Research” and discuss the procedure “How to conduct a Research?” (20)
Q.8. Discuss the status of elderly people in Pakistani society. (20)